RAND Corporation

RAND Corporation, 1962. Photograph by Julius Shulman. Source: Getty Research Institute.

RAND Corporation, 1962. Photograph by Julius Shulman. Source: Getty Research Institute.

In December 1945, Commanding General of the Army Air Force H. H. “Hap” Arnold, Secretary of War consultant Edward Bowles, president of the Douglas Aircraft Company Donald Douglas, Douglas chief engineer Arthur Raymond, and Raymond's assistant Franklin Collbohm set up “Project RAND” under special contract to the Douglas Aircraft Company. Taking its name from “research and development,” Project RAND was meant to leverage the importance of technological research and development for success on the battlefield. Based on experiences during World War II, individuals in the War Department Office of Scientific Research and Development identified the importance of private enterprise in connecting military planning with research and established RAND.